Early in the epidemic, HIV infection and AIDS were diagnosed for relatively few women and female adolescents (although we know now that many women were infected with HIV through injection drug use but that their infections were not diagnosed) . Today, women account for more than one quarter of all new HIV/AIDS diagnoses. Women of color are especially affected by HIV infection and AIDS. In 2004 (the most recent year for which data are available), HIV infection was
* the leading cause of death for black women (including African American women) aged 25â€“34 years.
* the 3rd leading cause of death for black women aged 35â€“44 years.
* the 4th leading cause of death for black women aged 45â€“54 years.
* the 4th leading cause of death for Hispanic women aged 35â€“44 years.
… Of the 126,964 women living with HIV/AIDS, 64% were black, 19% were white, 15% were Hispanic, 1% were Asian or Pacific Islander, and less than 1% were American Indian or Alaska Native.