Category Archives: Women and Economics

An Ode to the Marketplace, in a “Go Girl” Friendly Wrapper

I am a tax lawyer.  I spend much of my academic time thinking about wealth and its opposites.  I read Forbes.  I read the Forbes 100 list. In short: I’m inclined to be curious about articles that cover the marketplace, broadly … Continue reading

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How Much Do “Free” Tampons Cost? #MenstrualCapitalism and Examples from New York State

Spurred by legislation introduced by New York State Assemblymember Linda Rosenthal, that state adopted a law that requires public schools to provide free menstrual hygiene products for students in grades 6-12. In April, 2018, Governor Andrew Cuomo tweeted the news: … Continue reading

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Pruitt on “The Women Feminism Forgot: Rural and Working-Class White Women in the Era of Trump”

Feminist law prof Lisa Pruitt (UC Davis) has posted to SSRN her article The Women Feminism Forgot: Rural and Working-Class White Women in the Era of Trump, forthcoming in the University of Toledo Law Review.  Here is the abstract: This article, … Continue reading

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Tax Law: Where the Right to Bodily Privacy Means Something?

The Ninth Circuit ruled today that the IRS may not invoke qualified immunity for allegedly breaching the taxpayer’s Fourth Amendment right to privacy, when a (female) agent required the (female) taxpayer to use the bathroom in the taxpayer’s own home … Continue reading

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The Unconstitutional #Tampon Tax

My Pace colleague Emily Gold Waldman and I have a new draft article, The Unconstitutional Tampon Tax, forthcoming in the Richmond Law Review.  Here is the abstract: Thirty-six states impose a sales tax on menstrual hygiene products, while products like … Continue reading

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Unintended Corporate (and Tax) Consequences of India’s Repeal of the #TamponTax

In July, 2018, India repealed its 12% goods and services tax (GST) on menstrual hygiene products. (News coverage here and here, e.g.) One (unintended, I suspect) consequence is the likely disadvantaging of domestic Indian manufacturers of these products. When the … Continue reading

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You Might be Able to Buy Tampons (and Gym Memberships) with Pre-Tax Dollars

Representative Grace Meng (D-NY) led the way in getting menstrual hygiene products included on an expanded list of products for which flexible spending account funds can be used under H.R. 6199, Restoring Access to Medication and Modernizing Health Savings Accounts … Continue reading

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Against Menstrual Capitalism

Menstrual equity, a phrase coined by attorney and activist Jennifer Weiss-Wolf, means “[f]airness for how women are treated in society because they menstruate.” Current menstrual equity efforts run along three identifiable, parallel tracks: (1) campaigns to repeal the state sales … Continue reading

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More on the Australia Tampon Tax: Tax Aromatherapy Instead?

ABC News Australia has a story by Louise Yaxley on the tampon tax repeal efforts there. Here is an excerpt from Senate Vote to Scrap ‘Tampon Tax’ Won’t Stop Women Paying 10 Per Cent More for Sanitary Products: The GST … Continue reading

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Tampon Tax Tracker: Australia “Axe the Tampon Tax” Bill

Earlier this week, the Australian Senate passed the Treasury Laws Amendment (Axe the Tampon Tax) Bill 2018, which would eliminate the goods and services tax on “tampons, pads, liners, cups, sponges and other products used in connection with menstruation.” These … Continue reading

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Sparer Forum @BrooklynLaw March 22: Low-Income Workers and Sexual Harassment

Thursday, March 22 4 to 6 p.m. Reception to follow Brooklyn Law School Subotnick Center 250 Joralemon Street Brooklyn RSVP online About the Forum Amid all of the uproar about sexual harassment in the workplace, little attention has been paid … Continue reading

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Posted in Feminism and the Workplace, Sexual Harassment, Socioeconomic Class, Upcoming Conferences, Women and Economics | Comments Off on Sparer Forum @BrooklynLaw March 22: Low-Income Workers and Sexual Harassment

Campbell on “Women, Poverty, Equality The Role of CEDAW”

Meghan Campbell (University of Birmingham [U.K.]) has a new book published by Hart Publishing called Women, Poverty and Equality: The Role of CEDAW. Here is the publisher’s description: The stark reality is that throughout the world, women disproportionately live in … Continue reading

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Posted in Feminist Legal Scholarship, Sisters In Other Nations, Socioeconomic Class, The Overrepresentation of Women, Women and Economics | Comments Off on Campbell on “Women, Poverty, Equality The Role of CEDAW”

Are Female Babies Worth “Less” Than Male Babies?

Lawrence Spizman (SUNY Oswego, Economics) has posted to SSRN a new paper Damages to a Child and the Fair Calculations Act. Here is the abstract: The Fair Calculations Act introduced in the House of Representatives (H.R.6417) and Senate(S.3489) seeks to … Continue reading

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Richmond Times Editorial Board Supports Ending Virginia’s Tampon Tax

From the Richmond Times-Dispatch editorial board on January 28, 2018: As a general rule, taxes ought to serve a single function: raising revenue for the government. Lawmakers should not use the tax code as a vehicle for social engineering — … Continue reading

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Posted in Women and Economics, Women's Health | 1 Comment

New Zealand Women May Get a Break on the Tampon Tax

From the (New Zealand) Dominion Post, this article about a government-appointed appointed working group that will look at the country’s goods and services tax (akin to the sales tax imposed in the U.S.): [F]inance Minister Grant Robertson said the panel … Continue reading

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How to Get Involved in Menstrual Equity Activism: Advice from Jennifer Weiss-Wolf

The indominitable Jennifer Weiss-Wolf (previously profiled on Feminist Law Profs here) has published a book called Periods Gone Public: Taking a Stand for Menstrual Equity (Arcade Publishing, New York: 2017).  Here is the publisher’s description: After centuries of being shrouded … Continue reading

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Sexual Harassers May Lose Their New York Tax Breaks

New York State Assemblymember Linda B. Rosenthal (D-WF/Manhattan) plans to introduce legislation that would eliminate city state tax breaks for companies that knew of  and failed to respond to sexual harassment by one of their employees, or if the company … Continue reading

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Women Don’t Bleed Blue (Even Yalies and Members of the Social Register)

Several years ago, Ann Bartow blogged here about U.S. advertisers’ first use of a “red dot” to illustrate blood on a menstrual hygiene pad. According to this article in the Scottish Daily Mail, an ad for Bodyform in the U.K. … Continue reading

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Free Candy with Your Tampons, in Texas of all Places!

In Denton, Texas, an indie grocery store owner is offering a free candy bar with the purchase tampons (but oddly, not pads).  The Dallas Morning News reports (here) that store owner Jacob Moses says, “I think the sales tax is … Continue reading

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Class Actions for Refund of Sales Tax: From Tampons to Tea

Those following the “tampon tax” cases seeking refunds for sales tax paid on menstrual hygiene products may be interested in this story of a suit brought against Walgreens for a refund of tax on non-sugary drinks: A Schaumburg man is … Continue reading

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Guest Blogger Vasujith Ram on Taxes on Sanitary Napkins in India

The Constitution of India was recently amended to introduce the ‘Goods and Services Tax’ (GST). The GST subsumes almost all the existing indirect taxes in India (such as Excise Duty and Service Tax, levied and collected by the Federal Government, … Continue reading

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Scotland’s Experiment with Free Tampons

Good news out of Scotland, via the Huffington Post: Scotland has made another great announcement for women’s health: the government will run a pilot program to provide low-income women with free menstrual products. The initiative, announced Tuesday , will run … Continue reading

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What We Know (and Don’t Know) About the Tax Code’s Impact on Small Businesses Owned by Women

Caroline Bruckner, an Executive in Residence, Department of Accounting and Taxation at the Kogood School of Business (American University), has published a report entitled Billion Dollar Blind Spot: How the U.S. Tax Code’s Small Business Expenditures Impact Women Business Owners. It … Continue reading

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Washington State Considering Repeal of Tampon Tax OR Having Women Pay for DV Services

From the Vancouver (WA) Columbian: Sen. Lynda Wilson, R-Vancouver, is hoping Senate Bill 5093 will exempt feminine hygiene products from retail and use tax. As she pointed out to the Senate Ways & Means Committee last week, they are medically … Continue reading

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Interview with Dana Brooks Cooper, Florida Attorney Challenging the “Tampon Tax”

Earlier this year, Bridget J. Crawford spoke with Dana Brooks Cooper, Esq. of Barret, Fasig & Brooks in Tallahassee, Florida.  Ms. Brooks is representing the plaintiff in a class action that challenges the Florida “tampon tax,” the state sales tax … Continue reading

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Interview with Jennifer Weiss-Wolf, New York Attorney and Menstrual Equity Advocate

Bridget J. Crawford recently spoke with Jennifer Weiss-Wolf of Period Equity, a non-profit organization located in New York City focused on all aspects of menstrual fairness. Ms. Weiss-Wolf is a self-described “writer, activist, feminist.” She is an advocate and frequent … Continue reading

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District of Columbia Repeals Its Tampon Tax; Is Texas Next?

The District of Columbia is slated to end its tampons on feminine hygiene products, as well as diapers, in October, 2017: The nation’s capital is joining the movement to lift the sales taxes on diapers, tampons and other feminine hygiene … Continue reading

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Period Stigmas, the Tampon Tax and Social Justice

Cosmopolitan magazine continues its coverage of the menstrual equity movement: In the last year alone, the American Medical Association weighed in against tampon taxes. Jessica Williams railed against them on The Daily Show. And Chinese swimmer Fu Yuanhui made a … Continue reading

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Interview with Laura Strausfeld, New York Attorney Challenging the “Tampon Tax”

Bridget J. Crawford recently spoke with Laura Strausfeld of Period Equity, a non-profit organization located in New York City focused on all aspects of menstrual fairness. Ms. Strausfeld developed a key legal strategy used in the New York case that … Continue reading

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Conn College Joins the Free Tampon Movement

From Connecticut College’s The College Voice: On Nov. 2, students and administrators gathered in the lobby of Cro to celebrate the launch of free menstrual health products in select bathrooms on campus. The pilot program, spearheaded by Emma Horst-Martz ’18, … Continue reading

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Free Tampons and Pads Coming to NYU

Via the Washington Square News (here), the student newspaper at New York University: Senior Vice President for Student Affairs Marc Wais said that the university decided to convene a working group of students and staff to propose a pilot program … Continue reading

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What Happened When One NYC Pharmacy Charged Men More

Thompson Chemists in the Soho neighborhood of New York City got some attention this week when it posted signs saying “All female customers shop tax free” and “All male customers subject to a 7% man tax.” Here’s some press coverage … Continue reading

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Lipman on Anti-Poverty Relief Delivered Through the Tax Code

Francine Lipman (UNLV) blogs here at the Surly Subgroup about newly-released national and state poverty statistics. The post is a short and clear explanation of how significant anti-poverty relief is delivered through the tax code to millions of people, including … Continue reading

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California’s Tampon Tax May Soon End

From the Huffington Post (here): The same bill unanimously passed in the Assembly in early June. It now heads back to the Assembly for final approval, and then to Gov. Jerry Brown (D), whose office declined to say if he … Continue reading

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Interview with Zoe Salzman, New York Attorney Challenging the “Tampon Tax”

Bridget J. Crawford recently spoke with Zoe Salzman, Esq. of Emery Celli Brinckerhoff & Abady LLP in New York.  Ms. Salzman is representing the plaintiffs in a class action that challenges the New York “tampon tax,” the state sales tax … Continue reading

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Posted in Feminism and Economics, Women and Economics, Women's Health | 1 Comment

Interview with Dana Brooks Cooper, Florida Attorney Challenging the “Tampon Tax”

Bridget J. Crawford recently spoke with Dana Brooks Cooper, Esq. of Barret, Fasig & Brooks in Tallahassee, Florida.  Ms. Brooks is representing the plaintiff in a class action that challenges the Florida “tampon tax,” the state sales tax imposed on … Continue reading

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Aloni on the Partisan Politics of Marriage

Erez Aloni (Whittier) has an op-ed in the Guardian, Republicans Want ‘Stronger’ Marriages but are Fighting Equality Within Them.  Here is an excerpt: Even as social conservatives pontificate on preserving the sanctity of marriage and the importance of making divorce … Continue reading

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Heen, “Nondiscrimination in Insurance: The Next Chapter”

Mary Heen (Richmond) has posted to SSRN her article, Nondiscrimination in Insurance:  The Next Chapter,  49 Georgia L. Rev. 1 (2014).  Here is the abstract: For nearly 150 years, American insurance companies have engaged in race and gender pricing practices … Continue reading

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A Swedish Perspective on Surrogacy and Commerce in Women’s Bodies

The Swedish Women’s Lobby makes its views on surrogacy known in Surrogacy: A Global Trade in Women’s Bodies, over at mercatonet.com.  Here is an excerpt: The Swedish Women’s Lobby strongly opposes surrogate motherhood. Our position is that surrogacy is a … Continue reading

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Two Recent Works by Michele Gilman

Michele Gilman (Baltimore) has published two recent pieces that may be of interest to blog readers: Michele Gilman, Feminism, Democracy, and the “War on Women,” 32 J. of Law & Inequality 1 (2014). This article analyzes the social conservative attacks … Continue reading

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Gilman on “The Class Differential in Privacy Law” and “The Poverty Defense”

Michele Gilman (Baltimore) has posted two articles to SSRN.  The Class Differential in Privacy Law, 77 Brooklyn L. Rev. 1389 (2012) This article analyzes how privacy law fails the poor. Due to advanced technologies, all Americans are facing corporate and … Continue reading

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African Probate & Prolicy Initiative at U Miami School of Law

The ABA Journal reported here on the University of Miami School of Law’s new African Probate & Policy Initiative.  Here’s an excerpt: If a Tanzanian man dies without a will, his property goes to his family of origin. If he … Continue reading

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“Why Are There So Few Female Plutocrats?”

That is a question asked in this column that also serves as its title, which is a teaser for a book by the same name: Not too many people talk about the absence of women at the very top. That’s … Continue reading

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To test scientist’s reactions to men and women with precisely equal qualifications, the researchers did a randomized double-blind study in which academic scientists were given application materials from a student applying for a lab manager position. The substance of the applications were all identical, but sometimes a male name was attached, and sometimes a female name. Results: female applicants were rated lower than men on the measured scales of competence, hireability, and mentoring (whether the scientist would be willing to mentor this student). Both male and female scientists rated the female applicants lower.

From Discover, where Sean Carroll writes: Nobody who is familiar with the literature on this will be surprised, but it’s good to accumulate new evidence and also to keep the issue in the public eye: academic scientists are, on average, … Continue reading

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Posted in Academia, Employment Discrimination, Feminism and Science, Women and Economics | Comments Off on To test scientist’s reactions to men and women with precisely equal qualifications, the researchers did a randomized double-blind study in which academic scientists were given application materials from a student applying for a lab manager position. The substance of the applications were all identical, but sometimes a male name was attached, and sometimes a female name. Results: female applicants were rated lower than men on the measured scales of competence, hireability, and mentoring (whether the scientist would be willing to mentor this student). Both male and female scientists rated the female applicants lower.

“A planned European Union law to impose sanctions on companies that do not allocate at least 40 percent of the seats on their boards to women has drawn enough opposition from Britain and other countries to risk being blocked before it is officially proposed.”

That is the first sentence of this NYT article.

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Posted in Activism, Feminism and Economics, Feminism and the Workplace, The Overrepresentation of Men, The Underrepresentation of Women, Women and Economics | Comments Off on “A planned European Union law to impose sanctions on companies that do not allocate at least 40 percent of the seats on their boards to women has drawn enough opposition from Britain and other countries to risk being blocked before it is officially proposed.”

Another Day, Another Fear Mongering Article About Women Taking Over In Slate

This time it’s “Breadwinner Wives.” According to author Hanna Rosin “About 40 percent of wives in the United States now out-earn their husbands, and researcher Liza Mundy predicts they will be the majority in a generation.” I’m interested in where … Continue reading

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Cahn & Carbone on What Happens When You Can’t Afford Your Children?

Over at AlterNet.org, Naomi Cahn and June Carbone ask, “What Happens When You Can’t Afford Your Children?” Helping highly educated women have it all is a hot topic, from Anne-Marie Slaughter’s Atlantic article, to Amy Chua’s book about Chinese child-rearing … Continue reading

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Alimony Should Be Gender-Neutral

Marriage has been showing up in headlines across the country, from new stories trumpeting Obama’s statement of support for marriage equality to those debating the First Circuit’s judicial blow to DOMA. While shifts in access to legal marriage and the economic … Continue reading

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“Mating, Spending and the Lipstick Effect”

“Boosting Beauty in an Economic Decline: Mating, Spending and the Lipstick Effect” is the title of a paper forthcoming in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology by Sarah E. Hill and Christopher D. Rodeheffer (Psychology, Texas Christian University), Vladas … Continue reading

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Heen on “From Coverture to Contract: Engendering Insurance”

Mary Heen (Richmond) has posted to SSRN her article From Coverture to Contract: Engendering Insurance, 23 Yale J. of Law & Feminism 335 (2011).  Here is the abstract: In the 1840s, state legislatures began modifying the law of marital status … Continue reading

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