Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The ring of fire refers to volcanoes and mountains surroundingthe Pacific Ocean. Mount Mazama (southern Oregon)—better known for its Crater Lake, which is a caldera formed by a catastrophic eruption which took out most of the summit roughly 6,900 years ago. Cascade Range. None have erupted since St. Helens, but precautions are being taken nevertheless, such as the Mount Rainier Volcano Lahar Warning System in Pierce County, Washington. Annual rainfall drops to 9 inches (200 mm) on the eastern foothills due to a rainshadow effect. At the foot of the southeast flank of Mount Baker, at Concrete, Washington, the Baker River is dammed to form Shannon and Baker Lakes. American settlement of the flanks of the Coast Range did not occur until the early 1840s, at first only marginally. The Columbia River Gorge is the only major break in the American part of the Cascades. Medicine Lake Volcano—a shield volcano in northern California which is the largest volcano by volume in the Cascades. The Cascades extend northward for more than 700 miles (1,100 km) from Lassen Peak, in northern California, U.S., through Oregon and Washington to the Fraser River in southern British Columbia, Canada. The western slopes are densely covered with Douglas-fir, Western Hemlock, and Red alder, while the drier eastern slopes are mostly Ponderosa Pine, with Western Larch at higher elevations. The largest ski resorts offer up to 100 kilometres of slopes (Wenatchee – Mission Ridge, Mt. The Cascade Range is a great mountain range in North America that spans all the way from southern British Columbia through to Northern California. The tallest peaks, such as the 14,411 foot (4,392 m) high Mount Rainier, dominate their surroundings for 50 to 100 miles (80 to 160 km). Central and Southern Cascades Forests images at, Eastern Cascades Forests images at, Cascade Mountains Leeward Forests images at, British Columbia Mainland Coastal Forests images at, University of Washington Libraries Digital Collections – Dwight Watson Photographs,, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. The dry land area inland from the Cascade Range and Coast Mountains is very different from the terrain and climate of the coastal area due to the rain shadow effect of the mountains, and comprises the Columbia, Fraser and Thompson Plateaus and mountain ranges contained within them. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. 5 out of 5 stars (406) 406 reviews $ 96.00 FREE shipping Favorite Add to 24" wide 2-tone mountain range wall art / mountain art Dormarkmetalco. Glacier Peak (northern Washington)—secluded and relatively inaccessible peak. Newberry Volcano and Newberry Caldera—isolated caldera with two crater. Panorama of peaks in North Cascades National Park, northwestern Washington, U.S. Ceiling of Mushpot Cave, Lava Beds National Monument, California. Mount Jefferson (north-central Oregon)—the second highest peak in Oregon. The lower, older range is a long…, …to the climosequence along the Cascade and Sierra Nevada ranges discussed above, the vegetation observed along this narrow foothill region varies from shrubs in the dry south to needle-leaved trees in the humid north, with extensive grasslands in between. The legendary and diverse ethnographic history of the Cascade Range is too complex to recount, except to say that the spine of the range forms the divide between the Interior Salish and Coast Salish language groupings, and mythographically between the realm of Coyote on the east and that of the Transformers and the spirit-world of the Coast on the west. The volcano is surprisingly small in volume, and gets most of its height by having grown atop a non-volcanic ridge. In addition, there is a largely untapped amount of geothermal power that can be generated from the Cascades. The small part of the range in British Columbia is called the Canadian Cascades or Cascade Mountains; the latter term is also sometimes used by Washington residents to refer to the Washington section of the Cascades in addition to North Cascades, the more usual American term, as in North Cascades National Park. Vancouver's expedition did not, however, name the range these peaks belonged to. The Cascade Range or Cascades is a major mountain range of western North America. The four highest mountains in Oregon are all part of the Cascade Range. North Cascades, Mount Rainier, Crater Lake, and Lassen Volcanic national parks, as well as Lava Beds National Monument and Manning Provincial Park (Canada), offer unusual natural formations and magnificent scenery. From there, the Applegate Trail headed northwest into northern California, and continued northwest towards today's Ashland, Oregon. The southern end of the Cascade Range is about 30 to 50 miles (50 to 80 km) wide and 4,500 to 5,000 feet (1,370 to 1,520 m) high. Together, these sequences of fluid volcanic rock form a 200,000 square mile (520,000 km²) region of eastern Washington, Oregon, and parts of Northern California and Idaho called the Columbia River Plateau. Mount McLoughlin (near Klamath Falls, Oregon)—presents a symmetrical appearance when viewed from Klamath Lake. Updates? Each classification protects the various glaciers, volcanoes, geothermal fields, rivers, lakes, forests, and wildlife to varying degrees. Legends associated with the great volcanoes are many, as well as with other peaks and geographical features of the range, including its many hot springs and waterfalls and rock towers and other formations. Native tribes also developed their own names for the High Cascades and many of the smaller peaks, the most well-known to non-natives being Tahoma, the Lushootseed name for Mount Rainier. Mount Scott (southern Oregon)—on the southeastern flank of Crater Lake. The two most recent were Lassen Peak in 1914 through 1921 and a major eruption of Mount Saint Helens in 1980. Magnificent forests cover the slopes. Crater Lake in the Cascade Range, southwestern Oregon.
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