Kings’ daughters are among Your honorable women; Psalm 45:17 is a way of asserting that this Psalm will be around for a long time and keep the memory of the king alive. Chapter 45 This psalm is an illustrious prophecy of Messiah the Prince: it is all over gospel, and points at him only, as a bridegroom espousing the church to himself and as a king ruling in it and ruling for it. What is stated is that these spices were "all thy garments,"[19] indicating that these were the only `garments' the body of Jesus had in the burial. Concerning this third `interpretation,' Spurgeon had this to say: "Some see Solomon and Pharaoh's daughter here - they are short-sighted; others see both Solomon and Christ here - they are cross-eyed. "Myrrh was an aromatic resin, and aloes was a sweet-smelling wood from India. "The peoples shall fall under thee" (Psalms 45:5). Since the King’s beauty was that of character (Psalm 45:2), we can be sure that the bride’s beauty included character. It is a metaphor taken from a fountain that sends up its waters from the earth in this way. “The bride’s submission to her partner as both husband and king goes hand in hand with the dignity she also derives from him. "[12] "The language used here is of such a transcendental character that it could only be strictly true of the Messiah, the ideal King; and we find it quoted with a Messianic meaning in Hebrews 1:8-9." 1 Kings 9:28; 10:11).” (VanGemeren), ii. When Christ was buried, Joseph of Arimathea received from Pilate permission to receive the body of Jesus; and Nicodemus assisted in the burial by, "Bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds. "[8] Of course, that is the correct view; and it has been accepted by both Jewish and Christian scholars for more than a thousand years. 1 For the leader; according to “Lilies.” A maskil of the Korahites. I will make thy name to be remembered in all generations: Therefore shall the peoples give thee thanks forever and ever.". And in thy majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness and righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things. ); and we believe the tremendous scope of this passage equates it with conditions in the Final Judgment. So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in the linen cloths with the spices, as the custom of the Jews is to bury" (John 19:39-40). End your time in prayer, thanking God for what he taught you this week. c. King’s daughters are among Your honorable women: The anointed King is great not only for who He is, but also for those He associates with. Is not this exactly what Jesus said? All of God's children are "kings and priests unto God" (Revelation 1:6) Also Peter wrote: "Ye are an elect race, a royal priesthood, etc." (1 Peter 2:9). sharp in the heart of the King’s enemies; Gird Your sword upon Your thigh, O Mighty One, In Your majesty ride prosperously because of truth, humility, and righteousness, Your right hand shall teach You awesome things, Your arrows are sharp in the heart of the King’s enemies, “These arrows are spoken of in the plural because, while there are arrows of conviction, arrows of justice, arrows of terror, there are also arrows of mercy, arrows of consolation. Instead of Your fathers shall be Your sons, Instead of Your fathers shall be Your sons, whom You shall make princes in all the earth, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . By W. TROUGHTON, Minister of the Gospel. as I sing my ode to the king. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. So the King will greatly desire your beauty; Therefore, the first God here is a direct address to the Messiah, prophetically. Look at verses 1 and 2. The entire dispensation of Christianity is the period in which the Bride, schooled in the Word of God, shall indeed become that "glorious Church" of Ephesians 5:27. To us it appears that this is a prophecy of the fact that the most noble and honorable women of the world were precisely those who welcomed the Messiah in his First Advent. THE PROPHETIC PROTHALAMION FOR CHRIST AND HIS BRIDE, THE NEW JERUSALEM IS THE WIFE OF THE LAMB (Revelation 21:9), THE HOLY CHURCH IS THE NEW JERUSALEM (Revelation 19:9). Each of us must walk in the light we have. This pattern continued in the progress of the gospel. I. These words conclude the portion of the psalm addressed to the Bride; and what we have here is positively not "The Processional" for some ancient Jewish wedding, but the procession of the Saints of God into the eternal home of the soul. What is that? According to Mowinckel, as quoted by Leupold, "This is a claim of inspiration on the part of the psalmist." Are we working to see that the nations come to honor him as well?” (Boice), (c) 2020 The Enduring Word Bible Commentary by David Guzik – That Three Persons are said to be God, and they relate to One another (here and many other passages). Even the critics admit the Jewish interpretation of this psalm as absolutely Messianic; and Addis gave that Jewish interpretation as the reason why the psalm is in the Canon. On the other hand, "There is a tradition of long standing, both in the synagogue and in the church of Christ that this psalm deals with King Messiah and his bride the Church. We know what the meaning is, because the inspired author of the Book of Hebrews has told us. A maskil. "Thou art fairer than the children of men; Therefore God hath blessed thee forever. It is most appropriate, therefore, that this incredibly beautiful Messianic Psalm should conclude, as Leupold noted, "On this fine note that He who is being commemorated deserves to be extolled forever and ever and is deserving of His people's praises as long as the sun and the moon endure."[23]. "Forget thine own people ... thy father's house" (Psalms 45:10). Instead of Your fathers shall be Your sons, Who is the queen here? The gold of Ophir, dazzling as it was to the eyes of Orientals, was only a dim and inadequate suggestion of the true glory of the Church of God. John Schultz. “It is [because of] the glory of the Lord that we become ready to renounce all our own people and possessions that we may be wholly to His praise, and so the instruments through whom the royal race is propagated and the glory of the King made known, among the generations and the peoples.” (Morgan), ii. The writer of the letter to the Hebrews quoted from Psalm 45 in order to show that Jesus Christ is greater than the angels but provided no explanatory comments. Only he can be called God and at the same time the Father as his God.” (Boice). According to the New Testament, The Marriage Supper of the Lamb, the Final Judgment, the Assignment of both the Righteous and the Wicked to their eternal Destinies - all these things are to be simultaneous events at the time of the Second Advent. Looking to God’s future work, out of the ivory palaces tells us that the anointed King comes from heaven. "[18], "All thy garments" (Psalms 45:8). “Anointed” has in mind the ministry and presence of the Holy Spirit, the Third Person of the Trinity. y Shout to God with loud songs of joy! There is still another interpretation that represents a very naive and feeble attempt to harmonize the two views already stated. Because He is your Lord, worship Him. Cassia is a dried cinnamon blossom used as incense. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. ii. Some have tried to make the passage here mean, merely, that "God's throne is forever and ever"; but as Rhodes pointed out, "The poet here uses the word God as he addresses the king. Certainly, Leupold was correct in his opinion that, "This profitable lesson the church of the Old Testament needed as much as the church of the New Testament needs it now. As were all the psalms, this one was built around an historic occasion. 2 My heart is stirred by a noble theme,. “Her beauty, so greatly desired and delighted in by Messiah, is spiritual; it is the beauty of holiness; and her clothing is ‘the righteousness of saints’ 1 Peter 3:3; Revelation 19:8.” (Horne). a. "Grace is poured into thy lips." The psalm is addressed to two people, first to the king who is the groom and second to the bride. According to Metzudot, a classical Jewish commentary, the king mentioned in verse 2 is the Jewish Messiah. The King’s legacy passes from generation unto generation. Listen, O daughter: Now the psalmist turned to the bride and spoke to her. “Are we doing as the psalmist did? The metaphors are a bit mixed, but the idea is clear. The great Christian hymn, Ivory Palaces catches the true meaning in the chorus: The ivory palaces can be nothing less than a poetic designation of the residence of God Himself in the heaven of heavens. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. Verse 2 Heartless hymns are insults to heaven. Note the plural of "peoples" making it a reference to vast populations. We can think of majestic palaces worthy of Solomon in his splendor, pointing toward the white and pure dwelling place of God in heaven. i. (See a full discussion of this in Vol. Folio edition, pages 920-931. It is not true that "thy God" is merely a parenthesis; no such parenthesis was necessary to explain the identity of God, there being only one. Out of thine own offspring has a body of ‘fathers’ been raised up to thee.” (Augustine, cited in Spurgeon). "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". "And the daughter of Tyre shall be there with a gift; The rich among thy people shall entreat thy favor.". As one reads the psalm, it has a similar style and layout as the Song of Solomon. As Leupold put it, "There are too many fatal weaknesses that mark every other approach. Listen, O daughter, Psalm 45 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) Psalm 45 Ode for a Royal Wedding To the leader: according to Lilies. Forget your own people also, and your father’s house; She has several robes of many colors, which she wears in the presence of the King. i. You make us a byword among the nations, A shaking of the head amon… The Vulgate has eructavit, which is most literally translated by the old Psalter: Mi hert ryfted gude word. While there are arrows that kill sin, there are also arrows that kill despair, which also is a sin; and as there are arrows that smite and slay our carnal hopes, so there are other arrows that effectually destroy our sinful fears; and all these arrows are sharp in the heart of the King’s enemies, there is not a blunt one in the whole quiver.”, A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom, You love righteousness and hate wickedness, Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You with the oil of gladness, Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You, All Your garments are scented with myrrh and aloes, All Your garments are scented with myrrh and aloes and cassia, Out of the ivory palaces, by which they have made You glad, King’s daughters are among Your honorable women, Forget your own people also, and your father’s house, So the King will greatly desire your beauty, The daughter of Tyre will come with a gift; the rich among the people will seek your favor, The virgins, her companions who follow her, shall be brought to You. The words `smell of' do not belong in this passage. "The king's daughter within the palace is all glorious: She shall be led unto the king in broidered work: The virgins her companions that follow her. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. "[14] It is clear enough indeed that the psalmist here attributes his words, not to himself, but to another. i. Instead of Your fathers shall be Your sons, whom You shall make princes in all the earth: A blessing is pronounced on the marriage of the anointed King. The significance of the mention of these spices is in their connection with funerals and their use as a kind of embalmment in the burial of deceased loved ones. Jesus isn’t like that. d. Because He is your Lord, worship Him: This has the sense of something greater than the normal respect due unto a husband, even a royal husband. If we knew nothing else of this King, we might think that this described a literal invitation of marriage to an actual woman to literally become His wife. Commentary on Psalm 45:1-5 (Read Psalm 45:1-5) The psalmist's tongue was guided by the Spirit of God, as the pen is by the hand of a ready writer. 3 He b subdued peoples under us, and nations under our feet. 1 My heart is stirred by a noble theme as I recite my … It refers to the Holy Spirit which was typified by the oil that anointed Aaron. 1983-1999. Spend at least 15 minutes sharing what you wrote with a trusted friend or family member. This was clearly in the mind of Paul when he wrote: "Of whom is Christ, as concerning the flesh, who is over all, God, blessed forever" (Romans 9:5). Of the Sons of Korah. This is not any more mysterious than the doctrine of the Trinity; and neither of these is capable of being understood by radical critics. If this Glorious One loves righteousness and hates iniquity, "It is because God has anointed him with the oil of Gladness";[16] and, of course, there was never any `oil' that could do such a thing. Again from Luke, "Many of them therefore believed; also of the Greek women of honorable estate, and of men, not a few" (Acts 17:12). He is not only of earth, but came forth from palaces found only in heaven. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. “Perhaps nowhere in Old Testament writings do we find a nearer approach to the disclosure of the secret of the Church than in this Psalm.” (Morgan), iii. At this point, through Psalms 45:15, the inspired psalmist instructs the Bride; and, as we shall see, these are the very instructions that the Messiah himself gave the Bride upon the occasion of his First Advent. iii. 45:9) and also the Messiah, the “greater David” who will eventually inherit the throne forever. i. Psalm 45. [13]. i. Woven with gold: “The different graces of the faithful, all wrought in them by the same Spirit, compose that divine ‘embroidery’ which adorns the wedding garment of the church, who is therein presented to the King, attended by the bridesmaids, after the nuptial manner.” (Horne). ", "Thy children made princes in all the earth. Ah! The vast majority of mankind living at the time of the Second Advent will be destroyed, according to God's Word (See Matthew 7:13-14; Revelation 6:14ff, etc. The King does indeed desire the beauty of the Bride; and the union of that Bride with Himself will never take place unless the Bride indeed "becomes beautiful." Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed … Updated 2001-05-26; 14:33:42utc. The significance of Psalms 45:8 is therefore its indication that "God" who is here addressed would be buried. You, the Bible, and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. Verses 10 – 15: For the Jews, these words described their *queen. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. All other rights reserved. However, the author of Hebrews affirms that such was indeed his actual meaning; and we have no doubt whatever that the author of Hebrews was correct. Yes, God himself, in the person of his Son, died upon the Cross and was buried in the new tomb of Joseph of Arimathea. "Terrible things" (Psalms 45:4). There are two radically different views among modern scholars regarding the nature of this psalm. DISCUSSION QUESTIONS This is a study guide commentary, which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. (For this Psalm 45 commentary) Psalm 45 in Hebrews 1 The author of Hebrews makes the point immediately in this book that Jesus Christ is God’s final speech. II. Of the Korahites. Knowing that Jesus of Nazareth is Messiah the King and that He was never married during His earthly life, we understand this connects with a familiar metaphor: the people of God as a wife of God, and the Church of Jesus as His bride. It is a clear and judicious explanation of the text, and cannot be dispensed with. And here in Psalm 45 we will be looking at the King in his beauty. a. It is a shame that this good matter is not more the subject of our discourse. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated wickedness: Therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee, With the oil of gladness above thy fellows.". 47 x Clap your hands, all peoples! Psalm 45 shows a striking interaction between the Persons of the Trinity. "[15] Of course, Rhodes went on to add that, "This does not mean that the poet regarded him literally as God." A Psalm of w the Sons of Korah. Such an interpretation is indefensible, illogical and impossible of acceptance. Mixed metaphors of this kind are a distinctive characteristic of the Hebrew mind. The union between the Messiah and His bride brings forth children who themselves are princes in all the earth. Extending the analogy, Jesus – Messiah and King – sees the beauty of His people collectively, the Church – and He desires them in committed relationship, in the sharing of all things, in a future linked together. “ God, Your God ” speaks of the Father and His position of authority over the Second Person of the Trinity. In the book of Hebrews (1:8, 9), the quotation from Psalm 45:6, 7 (7, 8; 44:7, 8, LXX) is basically the same as the reading of the Septuagint. This is a study guide commentary which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. A Maskil. The virgins, her companions who follow her, shall be brought to You. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. 2 For the L ord, the Most High, z is to be feared, a a great king over all the earth. To the tune of “Lilies.” Of the Sons of Korah. The royal daughter is all glorious: Because she is joined to the anointed King in a relationship of committed love, great benefits come to the royal daughter. We may request cookies to be set on your device. King's daughters are among thy honorable women: At thy right hand doth stand the queen in gold of Ophir.". She is all glorious, and not because of herself but because of her connection with the King. It is always the first requirement of the Church."[21]. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. EXPOSITION. "Myrrh, aloes and cassia" (Psalms 45:8). Indeed Christ is called by that title no less than twelve times in the New Testament. i. ii. Whom thou shalt make princes in all the earth. Normally others seek the favor of the rich; the anointed King has set her in an even higher place. Is inditing a good matter. A Study Of Psalm 45 Series. "Commentary on Psalms 45:4". ", "Thou art fairer than the children of men." The ability to make kings and royal princes "in all the earth" has never pertained to any one other than the Lord Jesus Christ. Luke 8:2-3 mentions a number of prominent women who actually financed the campaign of Jesus and the Twelve. The highest royalty (king’s daughters…the queen) are the maids of honor at His wedding. "At thy right hand doth stand the queen in gold of Ophir" (Psalms 45:9). Many sons are brought to glory (Hebrews 2:10). Psalm 45 - For the director of music. "Out of the ivory palaces" (Psalms 45:8). i. According to Mowinckel, as quoted by Leupold, "This is a claim of inspiration on the part of the psalmist. Really, Psalm 45 is very difficult to translate and we are not sure about many things in it. Her clothing is woven with gold: She is clothed with valuable and beautiful clothing. Her clothing is woven with gold. דחֲגֽוֹר־חַרְבְּךָ֣ עַל־יָרֵ֣ךְ גִּבּ֑וֹר הֽ֜וֹדְךָ֗ … In the end … “The bride was seated to the right of the king and was adorned with the valuable gold of Ophir, a proverbial fine gold (cf. You make us turn back from the enemy, And those who hate us have taken spoil for themselves. "He is thy lord." Who is the king's daughter?. "In all the earth ... all generations ... forever and ever." You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. to which we must say - they are blind! "My heart overfloweth with a goodly matter; I speak the things which I have made touching the king: "My tongue is the pen of a ready writer" (Psalms 45:1). 4 of my New Testament Series of Commentaries, pp. Christian scholars frequently interpret the psalm as a Messianic prophecy. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Psalm 45 - Commentary by Rev. "Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed … WORKS UPON THE FORTY-FIFTH PSALM Exposition of Psalm XLV, in the works of JOHN BOYS, Dean of Canterbury. There is not a prophecy in the Old Testament which they have not attacked; and despite the fact that some commentators have been deceived by such attacks, the simple truth is that "there is no intelligent alternative" to the traditional view which is capable of commending itself to any honest investigator. The sceptre of equity is the sceptre of thy kingdom. You sell Your people for next tonothing, And are not enriched by selling them. We have no respect for the devices which men use in order to soften these words, or change their meaning. c. The virgins, her companions who follow her, shall be brought to You: The royal daughter, wife to the anointed King, is accompanied by bridesmaids and together they come before the King for the wedding service. According to classical Jewish sources, Psalm 45 refers to the Jewish Messiah. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. Psalm 45. He had encouragement and guidance for her. The Mystery of the Marriage Song, and Mutual Spiritual Embraces between Christ and his Spouse, opened as an Exposition with practical notes and observations on the whole Forty-fifth Psalm. There never was in the history of Israel or of any other nation a King to whom the language of this psalm may be intelligently applied. We see the Church and notice many flaws; Jesus looks at His blood-bought people and says, “all glorious.”, ii. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. This ongoing work means that the name of the King will be remembered in all generations. My tongue is the pen of a nimble scribe. JOSEPH A ALEXANDER Psalms Commentary (1864) Spurgeon had high praise for Alexander's work writing that it "Occupies a first place among expositions.

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